Most Popular Trick to Plant Bitter Guard Seeds | New Trick
In the post, we will know all about the Bitter Guard vine and how to plant seeds
- About bitter guard
- How to plant seeds at home
- Best caring tips
- Season of fruit
- Harvesting time
About Bitter Guard: Bitter guard is a perennial vine, and it is the most popular vegetable. Bitter guard is bitter, and it gives a weird smell. The scientific name of the bitter guard is Momordica charantia, and it is from the Cucurbitaceae family. It is also known as bitter melon, and it comes in many types of verities. It is widely cultivated in Asia and Africa.
Vine grows up to 20 to 25 feet long with spread up to 5 to 6 feet wide and always gives support to the vines using any stalk or rope. The balcony is the best location for the plantation.
Plantation or Seedling
How to Plant Seeds at Home: One of the best methods to plant bitter guard seeds at home is by using seeds. Seeds are light brown with the size of 10 to 20 mm long, and seeds are easily available in local nurseries and online stores. If you have ripened bitter guard, remove all the seeds, and the ripened bitter guard is yellow.
Prepare a Soil Potting: To make a good quality soil mixture, take the normal garden soil (50%), vermicompost (30%), and coco-peat (20%). Mix it well and take one flowerpot (size at least 6 to 8 inches wide).
- Keep the seeds in water (at least one day).
- Fill the soil mixture into the flowerpot.
- After one day, remove all the seeds from the water.
- In the soil mixture, dig the holes 1 inch deep.
- Put the seeds into those holes.
- Cover all the seeds with the same soil mixture.
- Give water properly and place the flowerpot in full sunlight.
Within 6 to 8 days, germination starts from the seeds and stems, and new leaves appear from the seeds. Stems are greenish with lots of moisture. If the vines are growing up to 7 to 10 inches, then it’s time to transplant them with a separate flowerpot.
Remember: USDA hardiness zone should be 9-11, and the soil mixture should be slightly acidic. In a flowerpot, make sure drainage holes are available or not. If there are no holes at the surface, then make 5 to 9 holes (Drainage holes are necessary). Cover the holes with a grenade or stones. Use a clay flowerpot. The distance between the seeds should be 2 to 4 inches.
Transplantation Tips : There is no need to transplant vine if you are planted in a large flowerpot. If you are planted in a small flowerpot, then we need to transplant them. For transplantation, use the same soil mixture and steps.
Best Caring Tips
- Watering: Give water properly when the top layer of the soil mixture is dried. During the winter season, give water after 3 to 5 days.
- One of the best fertilizers for bitter guard vines is cow dung compost. Before the growing season, add 1 inches layer of cow dung.
- Temperature: Keep the vines in full sunlight for at least 4 to 5 hours, or you can maintain the temperature between 15°C to 30°C.
- Pests & Diseases: Over time, many types of insects and diseases occur in the vines, so always spray the neem oil to kill them.
- Pruning and Cutting: Before the growing season, remove all the faded or dry leaves and weeds (near the root).
Fruiting and Harvesting Time
Season of Fruit: After successful plantation, within 3 to 5 days, flowering starts from the vines, and after flowering, fruits start. Fruits are long and green in colour, and the size of the fruit is 3 to 5 inches long.
Harvesting Time: After one month of fruiting, you can harvest them. If you are not satisfied with the fruits’ size, you can wait.
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